My youth is associated with trips to Ha Giang. Every time, regardless of Ha Giang travel schedule, I was overwhelmed by the natural scenery here, strangely beautiful. This time, I went with a friend and was introduced to a very famous trade village here, which is Lung Tam weaving village.
One autumn day at the end of August, my friend and I decided to go back to Ha Giang again, the reason is that we just miss Ha Giang so much and another important reason is that we want to learn about the famous weaving village. Lung Tam, a place we’ve never been to before.
Brocade weaving village of Lung Tam belongs to Lung Tam commune, Quan Ba district, Ha Giang province. To come to Lung Tam village, you start to leave Ha Giang city, go about 50km to twin mountains and Quan Ba sky gate. Afterwards, follow the pass to go through Tam Son town, then go through Tam Son petrol station for a few kilometers to reach the place called Cua Tay in Coc Ma village (there are 7 crabs). Go to the 7th crab, then turn right on the small road leading to Lung Tam Ha Giang. This is a traditional profession with a long history, not only providing income for households in Lung Tam village but also contributing to preserving the traditional cultural values of the Mong people. If not given by someone else, you will easily ignore the weaving village on the journey to discover the Dong Van rocky plateau.
Located not far from Quan Ba heaven gate, Hop Tien village of Lung Tam commune is the residence of H’mong (Mong) treasury with a long tradition of brocade weaving. Lung Tam is a small valley between four rocky mountains and a river flowing through the Mien river (Diem). To reach this land, riders will have to cross the winding slopes of the mountain, coinciding with clouds or mist. The Lung Tam weaving village is unique in that it only grows flax while most of the H’Mong custom in this rocky plateau is growing maize in rocky holes in arid mountains.
Located on the calm Trang Kem River, along with the communes of Dong Ha and Can Ty; Lung Tam commune (Quan Ba) is gradually getting out of poverty with its own available resources, Lanh Tam Textile Weaving Village is nestled among misty peaks of four cloudy seasons. This is the residence of Mong people who are famous for weaving flax, indigo dyeing and beeswax painting.
It has been a tradition that every Mong woman of adulthood has their own fields to grow flax. The flax fields grow steadily, just over two months have been harvested, Mong people cut them and dried them to turn them into fibers.
Looking down from the sky gate, Lung Tam is a commune nestled among misty peaks of four cloudy seasons. This is the residence of Mong people who are famous for weaving flax, indigo dyeing and beeswax painting.
The main material to make brocade sheets is from flax fibers. The flax trees are grown in the commune or surrounding area and selected very carefully, after being soaked and plucked, each strand will be separated. Next, the H’mong women will boil and steam the soft flax. The dyeing process is also very special. All colors are made from forest leaves such as tea, guava or brown tubers or other wood with absolutely no industrial chemicals. Mong people often weave with loom belt. The woven fabric must be washed many times to be white. Then the cloth is spread on a log, then rubbed off with a piece of beeswax, sliding it until it is very flat.
Mong women are not only good at weaving, but also their unique dyeing technique, which is unmatched by the fabric. Soak again, repeat like that about five, six times. The next stage is to dry and then dye again, just like a dozen more times to complete it. Making good linen is the pride of every Mong woman, perhaps that’s why they are always careful in every stage, whether stretch or thread. All stages are done manually by the method from ancient times to now.
In the story with us, Ms. Vang Thi Mai – head of Hop Tien linen weaving cooperative said that Mong people are very fond of linen because it is stronger than cotton. In addition, according to the conception of the people, linen is considered as a strong connection between people and the spiritual world. They believe that linen is the thread that guides the dead back to their ancestors and reincarnates as a human. For the Mong people, weaving linen also shows skill and hard work and becomes one of the criteria for evaluating a woman’s talent and virtue. Because of such deep dyeing, indigo of Mong people is very durable and eye-catching. And although weaving a fabric takes a lot of effort, the boys and girls in Lung Tam still meticulously protect the unique culture that their ancestors left behind.
Lung Tam is the most famous weaving village in Ha Giang. With a long history of doing business, Lung Tam brocade weaving village, Lung Tam commune, Quang Ba district, Ha Giang province is not only the main source of income for hundreds of households, but also a place to preserve and save. Preserving the traditional values of the people here. Up to now, Lung Tam flax products are made more and more and the quality is constantly increasing.
These products have followed many tourists to all over the country and have also exported to more than 20 countries, in which, there are particularly popular markets such as the US, Japan, France, and Switzerland. … These products travel all over the country are favored by customers by the unique characteristics of the product with natural traditional materials.
Goodbye Lung Tam, my friend and I continue to roam the streets up to the Rock Plateau. We were originally planning to stay in Dong Van, but it was already late so we decided to stop at Meo Vac and choose Auberge de Meo Vac to stay.
Auberge de MeoVac is also known as We Peo in the Hmong language, where most of the Hmong live, so the architecture and way of life are also full of Hmong with yin-yang roof tiles, walls. Due to the wooden structures and wooden pillars of Sa Moc, everyone in the village and tourists come here by foot or by car, so the space is very quiet.
Traveling to Ha Giang, the land of poetic legends about Doi Nui in Quan Ba or the pine forests of Enchanting in Yen Minh, or the magnificent rocky mountains of the Dong Van rock plateau. Whatever your travel schedule in Ha Giang, you should experience the winding slopes like silk to reach the countryside of the charming Lung Tam brocade colors nestled among misty rocky mountains in the four foggy seasons. covered. Try once to visit Lung Tam weaving village!
Author: Tran Thi Nhu Quynh